‘Why would you want to?’ says you. Well the news on the streets is that it’s only a matter of time before it will be announced that research into the health benefits of ivy honey has discovered it to be the best thing since Manuka – I’m serious. Click here for more about ivy honey.
However, taking a crop of ivy honey is problematic for several reasons:
- It sets in the comb even more quickly than rape honey so is difficult to extract;
- It is the last honey flow of the season and the bees build up on it and rely on it for their winter stores;
- By the time you take it off it could be too late to feed before winter sets in.
So, here’s what you do:
- As you are taking off your main crop of summer honey, note those colonies which are strong, vigorous and under new queens. This last is important because a new queen will still have a large brood nest and is likely to expand it further under the stimulus of the incoming ivy pollen and nectar so the bees will put the honey into the super. The brood nest of an old queen will have contracted considerably since the summer flow – she may even be off-lay and the bees will pack the honey around the brood nest.
- Make sure your selected colonies are well-fed – give each 5-7 litres of Ambrosia or strong sugar syrup. More if they need it.
- Keep your eye on the ivy flowers and watch the hive entrance for yellow pollen – click the picture below for a close up of pollen load. You may get a whiff of ivy honey around your hives even before you spot the first flowers open. Now is the time for action.
- If they aren’t already in single brood boxes – clear your marked colonies down into single boxes. This is important – if they are on double boxes or in single boxes over a half, they are less likely to fill your super.
- As you probably know, ivy honey sets even faster than rape honey, it will set as fast as the bees can ripen it and sometimes faster! You could try and extract it but the chances of you doing a clean job of it are slim – there is going to be granulation, your extractor is going to be impossible to balance and it is unlikely you will extract more than about 30% of your crop.
- Instead of fouling up your lovely drawn-supers, for each strong colony set up one super of frames equipped with 1 or 2 inch starters only. That is a strip of foundation 1 – 2 inches deep.
- If your bees are strong and there is a good flow, the bees will draw out the starters and fill a box each with ivy honey. If they don’t – nothing is lost, whereas if you had put on drawn supers, yes they will put ivy honey into them more quickly but if there is a only a paltry flow your supers are loused up for nothing.
- Don’t be tempted to put on two supers:
- Giving the bees such a large void above the brood nest when the weather is getting chilly at night is not kind;
- You will increase the likelihood of having to feed them.
- If it does turn out to be too cold to feed syrup and the bees are very light when you take off the ivy, ApiFonda sell fondant bee feed in 15kg packs which can be inverted directly over the top bars inside an eke. Details here http://www.swienty.com/. I haven’t tried this and it seems a bit clumsy but if all else fails and you are desperate for that crop of ivy, you could try it. Pack old jumpers or sacks or screwed up newspapers around the box of fondant to fill the void in the eke or the poor bees will be cold.
- Alternatively – leave it till the spring.
- To ‘extract’ the honey, cut out the entire combs and put them into buckets. Put the buckets into your warming cabinet with the thermostat set to 40-45 degrees centigrade and leave until the comb collapses and the honey melts; this should only take 24 hours. You can then either run it through a coarse sieve or if you want to be really efficient – shove the lot through your heather press.
- Do not heat it so hot you melt the wax – that is not the aim. This temperature will cook the honey and irreparably denature those lovely enzymes and aromatics.
- Beware, if you are using a heather press and don’t squeeze it warm, like I did, because the wax will come though the bag like a horrible paste. Instead, stir the bucket first, let it cool little, then pour the lot carefully and steadily into the press – the warm honey will run through the bag without assistance but let the wax cool in the press before you apply pressure.
An alternative to stealing what is effectively the bees winter stores and possibly demoralising them completely, you could leave it on till spring and chop it out then. If they didn’t need it, it will still be there and if they did need it, you can be pleased you didn’t take it.
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